Health Sector of Bangladesh

Health Sector of Bangladesh : In Bangladesh, besides the public sector, private sector, various NGOs and international organizations are working in the field of healthcare. In the public sector, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare acts as the apex body for policy making, planning, and decision making at the individual and collective levels.বাংলাদেশের স্বাস্থ্য খাত, Health Sector of Bangladesh 12

Bangladesh has done a great job on healthcare since independence. The government is working to formulate a health policy to ensure basic health facilities for all people, especially the underprivileged. The current state of family planning, including health, nutrition and reproductive health, is a key goal of the Health, Nutrition and Population Sector (HNP) sector, especially for the economic emancipation of women, children and the elderly, and for sustainable improvement in physical, social, mental and spiritual well-being. National Health Policy, National Food and Nutrition Policy and National Population Policy are being implemented under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.

NGOs have a significant role to play in health, nutrition and family planning services in both rural and urban areas. They work primarily in the areas of family planning, maternal and child health. NGOs have recently expanded their services and are playing an important role in providing primary services in the city.

Medicine policy formulated in 1972 has played an important role in restructuring the health sector of Bangladesh. Its main objective was to remove harmful, worthless and unnecessary drugs from the market and to ensure that medicines at all levels of healthcare were supplied at fair prices. The successful implementation of the National Pharmaceutical Policy of 1972 has resulted in tremendous progress in the pharmaceutical sector in Bangladesh.Health Sector of Bangladesh [ বাংলাদেশের স্বাস্থ্য খাত ]

In achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), remarkable achievements have been made in the field of health indicators such as reduction of infant mortality rate, immunization of infants and mothers, elimination of Vitamin A deficiency, etc. As Bangladesh lags behind in other indicators, concerted efforts need to be made to achieve the Millennium Development Goals.

In recognition of the successful use of digital technology in health, the United Nations awarded the ‘Digital Health for Digital Development’ award to Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina in 2011.

The country’s health sector has tried to move forward by assimilating new health sciences, health technologies, health techniques and health policies. Public and private officials, scientists and researchers in the sector are keeping an eye on what is happening in developing countries. When they find something new, they bring it to the country and try to apply it as their own. The use of information technology is no exception. Officials at the Department of Health claim that there are very few countries in the world that have been able to take e-health and health information systems (health information systems) as far as Bangladesh.Health Sector of Bangladesh [ বাংলাদেশের স্বাস্থ্য খাত ]

The use of information technology in the health sector is being done by a department under the Department of Health — Health Information System (MIS). MIS aims to improve health information systems, e-health and medical biotechnology. MIS has specific strategies to achieve these goals. MIS Director Professor Mizanur Rahman said, “Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina has a political commitment to build a digital Bangladesh. We are working to implement that promise. While working, I have received a lot of support from the Prime Minister’s Office, Ministry of Health, ICT Department. We have been able to create a team of IT experts. In addition to maintaining the current success, we are moving towards hospital automation. ‘

Direct Health Services:

In 2015, the Department of Health started a call center called Swasthya Batayan. Its number is 16263. The center is open 24 hours a day. Free doctor’s advice and health information is available by calling here. The doctors working here are specially trained. Since its inception till October 25 this year, 1 crore 8 lakh 57 thousand 189 people have received services by calling the health window.Health Sector of Bangladesh [ বাংলাদেশের স্বাস্থ্য খাত ]

The importance of call centers like health windows has been felt even more during Corona. People who cannot go to hospitals, clinics or doctors have called the health window for medical services and advice. Since the first corona was identified in the country till 1 October, 1 crore 36 lakh 55 thousand 26 calls have been received. Coronal Health Window has served as a digital hospital. Health window officials say 5,000 to 10,000 calls come in 24 hours at normal times. During the epidemic, 80 to 90 thousand calls came. There are enough doctors to answer this huge number of calls.

Telemedicine services are available in about 100 hospitals. Through this, the patients in the Upazila Hospital get the advice of the specialist doctors of Dhaka. However, if these initiatives or measures do not work or if people do not get the service when needed, then there is a system of direct complaint.

Information Technology in Management

In addition to providing health services, the Department of Health is using information technology in the management of the health sector.

Starting from national level health institutions and hospitals, more than 13 thousand community clinics have been provided with one computer and 24 thousand health workers have been provided internet connection with tablets. Apart from collecting up-to-date information from the field, various activities including telemedicine services, video conferencing, health education, training are carried out regularly. MIS is currently implementing a program called Health System Strengthening. In this program, the quality, efficiency and effectiveness of each service organization is verified using information technology. On the basis of this, the best organization is given ‘Health Ministers’ award every year.Health Sector of Bangladesh [ বাংলাদেশের স্বাস্থ্য খাত ]

A software called DSIS-2 is used in the health sector of 63 countries of the world. Through this, MIS has launched a network to collect electronic information of health institutions and hospitals, health manpower, hospital automation, and public health information. Bangladesh is the most widely used software among the countries.

As the largest user of DSIS-2, the German government awarded the Department of Health’s MIS Department the ‘Best Practice Award’ in 2014 and also published a book, A Quiet Revolution in Health Information System in Bangladesh.

Health experts say the use of information technology in the health sector must continue. In addition, the scope and quality of the use of information technology must be increased to achieve universal health coverage and SDG targets in the health sector.

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